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Preparedness and Response strategy:
The key counter-measures for bio-terrorism would include:-
  • Deterrence (certainty of being punished for the act perpetrated)
  • Prevention (reducing the opportunity, enhanced intelligence)
  • Surveillance and assessment (early detection or awareness) by epidemiological methods.
  • Laboratory investigation for diagnosis and characterization/sensitivity of the biological organism.
  • Medical management.
  • Dissemination (public safety and law enforcing agencies).
In contrast to chemical, conventional, and nuclear weapons that generate immediate effects, biological agents are generally associated with a delay in the onset of illness (hours to days). Moreover, illness from biological weapons are not likely to be recognized in their initial stages. With highly transmissible agents (eg. Plague and smallpox), the time delay in recognition can result in widespread secondary exposure to others, including doctors and health staff.
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