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Response Planning for Biological disasters
Key Considerations
  • Development of the Response system
  • Development of the concept of operations
  • Development and implementation of Standard Operation Procedure (SOP)
  • Reviewing, Re-evaluation and amending the response plans/ SOP
  • Implementation of a response plan
  • Simulation and Mock Exercises
  • Checking equipment regularly


Tactical consideration
  • Detection, identification & monitoring
  • Communication
  • Protection of crime scene
  • Special access control procedures for responders, vehicles etc
  • Cordon management
  • Decontamination protocol & planning
  • Monitoring procedures
  • Route plans
  • Incident log maintenance
  • Use of personal protective equipment
    • Availability
    • Training to use
    • Pre-incident health screening
    • Maintenance of equipment
    • Special storage
  • Training & Exercise


On Scene procedures
  • Initial response procedure
  • Situation reports
  • Victims & Their treatment
  • Training of terms in:
    • Prior to arrival action
    • On arrival action at the site
    • Site setup procedures
    • Site management
    • Rapid triage
    • Crowd control procedures
    • Public reassurance


Initial Response Planning for Biological agents
The four components to be considered for initial response planning:
  • The agent
  • The munitions or other delivery systems
  • The delivery
  • The meteorological conditions at the site


Post Incident considerations
  • Protection of Crime scene
    • Access control
    • Securing of evidence
    • Contaminated material as evidence to be protected
  • Assessment of Psychological Impact
    • Physical Symptoms
    • Behavioral changes
    • Material changes
    • Cognitive change
  • Conducting an after action review
    • What was done right
    • What went wrong
    • How the response can be improved
  • Implementation of a public relation
    • Immediate
    • Accurate
    • Reassuring
    • Involving
  • Post incident care check list
    • Self Assessment by responders / Supervisors
    • After action review of successes and failures.
    • Community post incident response checklist
    • Media & Public Relations
    • Documentation / Reporting
  • Dead or dying animals
    • Sick or dying animals, people, fish
    • Unusual swarm or insects
  • Unexplained casualties
    • Unusual illness for region/ area
    • Definite pattern in consistent with normal disease levels
  • Unusual liquid, powder or vapour
    • suspicious devices or packages
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