Logo South Asian Disaster Knowledge Network
Search:
Site Search Google   GO
Bullet Flood
Home » Hydro Meterological Disasters » Flood

Flood Preparedness

While various structural and non structural mitigation measures are designed to prevent/minimize flood impact, considerable emphasis are needed to be given to flood preparedness to deal with flood situation as and when flooding occurs. Some of the key steps involved in Flood preparedness are;
Awareness, Education and Training- Awareness about Flood risk and measures how to deal with flood at all levels is essential. This includes Do's and Don'ts and preparedness at individual, household and community level. Comprehensive education targeted at different groups such as school children, professionals and community representatives. Special attention is required to bring awareness about needs of socially vulnerable groups such as aged, children, people with restricted abilities, pregnant women and lactating mothers.

Before Flooding Occurs
  • Know the route to the nearest safe shelters that you area aware off.
  • Keep the First Aid Kit ready with extra medication for snake bite and diarrhea
  • Strong ropes for tying things
  • A radio, torch and spare batteries
  • Stocks of fresh water, dry food, candles, matchbox, kerosene etc
  • Umbrellas and bamboo sticks (to protect from snakes
  • Higher ground where people and animals can take shelter

When you hear a flood warning
  • Tune in to your radio or watch for warning and advice
  • Keep vigil of flood warning given by local authorities
  • Keep dry food and drinking water and warm clothes ready
  • Check your emergency kit
  • Pack clothing, essential medication, valuables, personal papers etc in water proof bags to be taken to the safe shelter.
  • Raise furniture, appliances on beds and tables
  • Put sandbags in the toilet bowl and cover all drain holes to prevent sewage back flow.
  • Do not get into water of unknown depth and current
  • Lock your house and take the recommended or known evacuation routes for your area of safe shelter.

During Floods
  • Drink boiled water or use halogen tablet to purify water before drinking.
  • Keep your food covered
  • Do not let children remain on empty stomach
  • Use bleaching powder and lime to disinfect the surroundings
  • Avoid entering flood waters. If you need to enter then were proper foot wear.
  • Stay away from water over knee level.
  • Stay tuned to local radio.
  • Do not allow children to play in, or near, flood waters.
  • Stay away from drains, culverts.
  • Do not use electrical appliances.
  • Do not eat food, which has been in floodwaters.
  • Boil tap water.
  • Use halogen tablets before drinking water.
  • Be careful of snake bites as snakebites are common during floods.

After Floods
  • Stay tuned to local radio.
  • Do not allow children to play in, or near, flood waters.
  • Stay away from drains, culverts.
  • Do not use electrical appliances.
  • Do not eat food, which has been in floodwaters.
  • Boil tap water before drinking.
  • Use halogen tablets before drinking.
  • Be careful of snake bites, snakebites are common during floods.
Weekly Disaster Updates
Software Developed by Tata Consultancy Services Limited. Copyright © 2009 SADKN, All Rights Reserved                     
72
  Concurrent Users:
1142828
Number of hits: