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Disasters have an enormous impact on development. With every disaster, there is a significant impact on various sectors of development like agriculture, housing, health, education and infrastructure. This results in a serious social and economic setback to the development and poverty reduction priorities of the developing countries, and poses a threat for achieving the Millennium Development goals.

The process of development, and the kind of development choices made in many countries, itself, creates disaster risks. With disaster risk reduction considerations not featuring into the project design of the development activities, increases the risks, thus increasing the negative impact of the disasters on the socio economic set up of the country.The underlying basis of developing a mainstream disaster risk reduction is to enhance governance and accountability and to promote integrated government solutions to complex issues. A further influence has been the shift in national and international disaster management thinking from focusing on reaction towards pro-active mitigation, systematic risk analysis and risk reduction, and preparation.

The lessons from recent world disaster and emergency events clearly point out that comprehensive all hazards, all agencies approach is the foundation of effective and efficient disaster management. This approach is captured within the principles of the Framework. The DRR framework identifies principles that guide the development and implementation of policy and initiatives to achieve the government’s priorities, in particular the achievement of safer and more sustainable communities. It is a tool for the effective integration of disaster management planning and programming across agencies and sectors.

Mainstreaming DRR will facilitate in identifying a comprehensive all hazard and all agency approach by achieving a balance between preparedness, awareness, relief and response regardless of the actual nature of hazard. Secondly, all levels of the government apply effective corporate governance and are committed to continuous improvement of policy, programs, practices and service delivery to improve community safety.

Some of the strategies outlined for mainstreaming DRR include,
  1. Identify, support and resource research priorities
  2. Capture lessons learn to develop policies and manage research allocation framework
  3. There is also a need to establish a knowledge management framework
  4. One can also translate knowledge into practice through review of plans and procedural systems and processes
  5. Finally, one can establish a formal relationship with the researchers to incorporate disaster management framework into effective policy and practice.
Source: State Disaster Management Group, Queensland, Australia
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