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Global Framework on Disaster Reduction
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Although international humanitarian assistance to countries and communities affected by natural disasters have a long history, development of global framework for disaster management is a relatively recent phenomenon. It has evolved through sustained efforts of a number UN agencies working closely with countries, specialized agencies, humanitarian, non- governmental and community based organizations. The initial focus of the evolving framework was on coordination for humanitarian assistance. The focus has shifted to more complex and multi-dimensional issues of risk reduction that require involvement of multiple stake holders.

The Yokohama Strategy for a Safer World: Guidelines for Natural Disaster Prevention, Preparedness and Mitigation, adopted at the first World Conference on Natural Disaster Reduction in Yokohama, Japan from 23 to 27 May was the first global framework on disaster on disaster reduction.

This framework was replaced by the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters which was adopted at the second World Conference on Disaster Reduction, held from 18 to 22 January 2005 in Kobe, Hyogo, Japan.

UN Resolutions:-

UN General Assembly Resolution No A/RES/46/182 dated 19 December 1991 is the first landmark resolution which provides the broad framework for strengthening of the coordination of humanitarian emergency assistance of the United Nations.

Text of document A/RES/46/182 dated 19 December 1991.

Since the adoption of resolution 46/182 in 1991, the intergovernmental legislative framework has expanded considerably, reflecting both the broadening of the humanitarian endeavour and the UN's concerted response to the changing environment in which assistance is provided.

In 2008 the UN Office of Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance (UNOCHA) commissioned a project to analyse the normative developments in humanitarian assistance including coordination through analysing the relevant legislation of the General Assembly, the Economic and Social Council and the Security Council, since 1991. The project has produced the following three products:

The first significant resolution A/RES/54/219 was adopted by the General Assembly on disaster risk reduction on 22 December 1999 calling for successor arrangements for International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction. Thereafter a series of resolutions have been adopted by the GA, as stated below.

  • A/RES/61/200 dated 16 February 2007 Natural disasters and vulnerability
  • A/RES/60/196 dated 2 March 2006 Natural disasters and vulnerability
  • A/RES/59/232 dated 22 February 2005 International cooperation to reduce the impact of the El Nio phenomenon
  • A/RES/58/214 dated 23 December 2003 International Strategy for Disaster Reduction
  • A/RES/58/215 dated 23 December 2003 Natural disasters and vulnerability
  • A/RES/56/195 dated 21 December 2001 International Strategy for Disaster Reduction

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